Time-Staged Gamma Knife Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Large Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations: A Preliminary Report

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 11, Issue 11)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,799 words
Lexile Measure: 1340L

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Abstract :

Objective We retrospectively analyzed our experience with time-staged gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery (GKS) in treating large arteriovenous malformation(AVM)s;[greater than or equal to] 10 cm.sup.3). Methods Forty-five patients who underwent time-staged GKS (2-stage, n = 37;3-stage,n = 8) between March 1998 and December 2011 were included. The mean volume treated was 20.42±6.29 cm.sup.3 (range, 10.20-38.50 cm.sup.3). Obliteration rates of AVMs and the associated complications after GKS were evaluated. Results Mean AVM volume (and median marginal dose) at each GKS session in the 37 patients who underwent 2-stage GKS was 19.67±6.08 cm.sup.3 (13 Gy) at session 1 and 6.97±6.92 cm.sup.3 (17 Gy) at session 2. The median interval period was 39 months. After follow-up period of 37 months, the complete obliteration rate was 64.9%. The mean AVM volume (and median marginal dose) at each GKS session in the 8 patients who underwent 3-stage GKS was 23.90±6.50 cm.sup.3 (12.25 Gy), 19.43±7.46 cm.sup.3 (13.5 Gy), 7.48±6.86 cm.sup.3 (15.5 Gy) at session 1, 2, and 3, respectively. The median interval duration between each GKS session was 37.5 and 38 months, respectively. After a median follow-up period of 47.5 months, 5 patients (62.5%) achieved complete obliteration. Postradiosurgical hemorrhage developed in 5 patients (11.1%) including one case of major bleeding and 4 cases of minor bleeding. No patient suffered from clinically symptomatic radiation necrosis following radiation. Conclusion Time-staged GKS could be an effective and safe treatment option in the management of large AVMs.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A471806395