Suicide Risk Factors Among Older Adults: Exploring Thwarted Belongingness and Perceived Burdensomeness in Relation to Personality and Self-Esteem

Citation metadata

Date: Mar. 2019
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc.
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 173 words

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

The objective of this study was to explore the role of personality and self-esteem in later life within two established risk factors for suicidal ideation (SI)--Thwarted Belongingness (TB) and Perceived Burdensomeness (PB). The data about personality (i.e., Five Factor Model [FFM] and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition Personality Disorders [PD]), self-esteem, TB, PB, and SI were collected from 102 community-dwelling older adults and analyzed using bivariate and multivariate techniques. All FFM domains and most PD traits were significantly correlated with SI, TB, and PB. Furthermore, FFM and PD traits explained a significant and meaningful amount of variance of SI, TB, and PB. Self-esteem demonstrated strong negative relationships with SI, TB, and PB. Personality features and self-esteem are important associated features for SI, TB, and PB. Clinicians should consider this information when assessing and evaluating for suicidal risk among older adults. The findings also highlight the need to consider personality traits in developing prevention strategies. Keywords interpersonal psychological theory of suicide, personality, loneliness, self-hate, absence of reciprocal care DOI: 10.1177/0091415018757214

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A575010517