Choline kinase alpha impairment overcomes TRAIL resistance in ovarian cancer cells.

Citation metadata

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 6,331 words
Lexile Measure: 1590L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Background Choline kinase-[alpha] (ChoK[alpha]/CHKA) overexpression and hyper-activation sustain altered choline metabolism conferring the cholinic phenotype to epithelial ovarian cancer (OC), the most lethal gynecological tumor. We previously proved that CHKA down-modulation reduced OC cell aggressiveness and increased sensitivity to in vitro chemotherapeutics' treatment also affecting intracellular content of one-carbon metabolites. In tumor types other than ovary, methionine decrease was shown to increase sensitivity to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-receptor 2 triggering. These effects were suggestive of a potential role for ChoK[alpha] in regulating susceptibility to TRAIL cytokine. Methods The relationship between ChoK[alpha]/CHKA and TRAIL-receptor 2 (TRAIL-R2) expression was investigated in silico in OC patients' GEO datasets and in vitro in a panel of OC cell lines upon transient CHKA silencing (siCHKA). The effect of siCHKA on metabolites content was assessed by LC-MS. The triggered apoptotic signalling was studied following soluble-TRAIL or anti-TRAIL-R2 agonist antibody treatment. Lipid rafts were isolated by Triton X-100 fractionation. Preclinical ex vivo studies were performed in OC cells derived from patients' ascites using autologous PBLs as effectors and a bispecific anti-TRAIL-R2/anti-CD3 antibody as triggering agent. Results Here we demonstrate that siCHKA specifically overcomes resistance to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in OC cells. Upon siCHKA we detected: a significant sensitization to caspase-dependent apoptosis triggered by both soluble TRAIL and anti-TRAIL-R2 agonist antibody, a specific increase of TRAIL-R2 expression and TRAIL-R2 relocation into lipid rafts. In siCHKA-OC cells the acquired TRAIL sensitivity was completely reverted upon recovery of ChoK[alpha] expression but, at variance of other tumor cell types, TRAIL sensitivity was not efficiently phenocopied by methionine deprivation. Of note, we were also able to show that siCHKA sensitized tumor cells derived ex vivo from OC patients' ascites to the cytotoxic activity of autologous lymphocytes redirected by a bispecific anti-TRAIL-R2/anti-CD3 antibody. Conclusions Our findings suggest that ChoK[alpha]/CHKA impairment, by restoring drug-induced or receptor-mediated cell death, could be a suitable therapeutic strategy to be used in combination with chemotherapeutics or immunomodulators to improve OC patients' outcome. Keywords: Ovarian cancer, Choline kinase, Metabolic alterations, TRAIL, Apoptosis resistance

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A650477990