Expression and prognosis of CDC45 in cervical cancer based on the GEO database.

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Date: Sept. 3, 2021
From: PeerJ(Vol. 9)
Publisher: PeerJ. Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 7,085 words
Lexile Measure: 1370L

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Abstract :

Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in women, and its morbidity and mortality are increasing year by year worldwide. Therefore, an urgent and challenging task is to identify potential biomarkers for cervical cancer. This study aims to identify the hub genes based on the GEO database and then validate their prognostic values in cervical cancer by multiple databases. By analysis, we obtained 83 co-expressed differential genes from the GEO database (GSE63514, GSE67522 and GSE39001). GO and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that these 83 co-expressed it mainly involved differential genes in DNA replication, cell division, cell cycle, etc.. The PPI network was constructed and top 10 genes with protein-protein interaction were selected. Then, we validated ten genes using some databases such as TCGA, GTEx and oncomine. Survival analysis demonstrated significant differences in CDC45, RFC4, TOP2A. Differential expression analysis showed that these genes were highly expressed in cervical cancer tissues. Furthermore, univariate and multivariate cox regression analysis indicated that CDC45 and clinical stage IV were independent prognostic factors for cervical cancer. In addition, the HPA database validated the protein expression level of CDC45 in cervical cancer. Further studies investigated the relationship between CDC45 and tumor-infiltrating immune cells via CIBERSORT. Finally, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) showed CDC45 related genes were mainly enriched in cell cycle, chromosome, catalytic activity acting on DNA, etc. These results suggested CDC45 may be a potential biomarker associated with the prognosis of cervical cancer.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A674159032