Rising atmospheric CO2 concentration affect weedy rice growth, seed shattering and seedbank longevity.

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From: Weed Research(Vol. 62, Issue 4)
Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 227 words

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Abstract :

Keywords: climate change; dormancy; free-air CO.sub.2 enrichment; seed viability Abstract Weedy rice (Oryza sp.) is one of the most troublesome global weeds in cultivated rice. Its troublesome status is associated with characteristics such as seed shattering and dormancy, allowing for long-term reinfestation and persistence in rice fields. However, the role of rising carbon dioxide levels (CO.sub.2) and other climate variables on these characteristics has not, to date, been assessed. The current research objectives were to evaluate two aspects related to climatic change, increased CO.sub.2 concentration (400±50[MU]molmol.sup.-1 and 700±50[MU]molmol.sup.-1) and water management (continuous and alternate-wetting drying), to assess plant development, seed shattering and seedbank longevity of weedy rice. Our results indicated that elevated CO.sub.2 (700±50[MU]molmol.sup.-1) increased weedy rice growth and biomass, seed shattering and lengthened viability within the seedbank. Water management did not affect weedy rice growth, seed shattering and seed dormancy. These results suggest that in areas where weedy rice is dominant, its seed bank persistence and potential competition may be exacerbated with rising CO.sub.2 levels, with negative consequences for rice production. Article Note: Subject Editor: Diego Batlla Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina Funding information Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior Byline: Andrisa Balbinot, Anderson Feijó, Marcus Vinicius Fipke, Vinicios Rafael Gehrke, Dirceu Agostinetto, Nelson Diehl Kruse, Lewis Hans Ziska, Edinalvo Rabaioli Camargo, Luis Antonio Avila

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A710975369