Recent progress in emerging 2D layered materials for organic solar cells.

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Date: Apr. 2021
From: Solar Energy(Vol. 218)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report
Length: 434 words

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Keywords Organic solar cells; 2D materials; Electrodes; Charge transport materials; Additives Highlights * The emerging 2D matrials-based organic solar cells are reviewed. * 2D materials are applied in organic solar cells to improve the performance. * 2D materials play a significant role in the commercial development organic solar cells. Abstract Currently, organic solar cells (OSCs) are one of the most cutting-edge photovoltaic technologies due to their light-weight, semitransparent, and flexible advantages, which meet the needs of commercial applications. In order to fully develop the application potential of this novel class of photovoltaic cells, organic molecular design and device construction have all been playing significant roles. Research shows that two-dimensional (2D) layered materials with unique physical structure and excellent photoelectric properties can effectively optimize the device performance of OSCs. Although the exploration of various emerging 2D materials for use in OSCs has made considerable progress, there remain some crucial bottlenecks to be solved. In this review, the progress that has been made in the application of these 2D materials for OSCs in recent years is presented, including MXenes, black phosphorus (BP), and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), etc. The merits and demerits of 2D materials in OSCs application are summarized in detail. Ultimately, it outlines the commercial development direction of OSCs in the near future, and the significance of 2D materials in stable, low-cost, large-area, and flexible devices. Abbreviations OSCs, Organic solar cells; PSCs, Perovskite solar cells; QDSCs, Quantum dot solar cells; DSSCs, Dye sensitive solar cells; PCE, Power conversion efficiency; J.sub.SC, Short-circuit current density; V.sub.OC, Open circuit voltage; FF, Fill factor; EQE, External quantum efficiency; SCLC, Space charge limited current; [mu].sub.e, Electron mobility; [mu].sub.h, Hole mobility; BP, Black phosphorus; BPQDs, Black phosphorus quantum dots; PQDs, Perovskite quantum dots; GR, Grapheme; TMDs, Transitional metal dichalcogenides; GO, Graphene oxide; R-GO, Reduced graphene oxide; MOFs, Metal organic frameworks; AgNW, Silver nanowire; ITO, Indium-doped tin oxide; FTO, Fluorine-doped tin oxide; PI, Polyimide; HTL, Hole transport layer; ETL, Electron transport layer; HEL, Hole extraction layer; EEL, Electron extraction layer; 2D, Two-dimensional; TCEs, Transparent conductive electrodes; CVD, Chemical vapor deposition; FOM, Figure of merit Author Affiliation: (a) School of Materials Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China (b) Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China (c) Institute of Polymer Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 21 December 2020; Revised 25 February 2021; Accepted 26 February 2021 Byline: Yong Zhao (a), Liangmin Yu (b), Mingliang Sun [mlsun@ouc.edu.cn] (a,c,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A657002961