Justice in solar energy development.

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From: Solar Energy(Vol. 218)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report
Length: 409 words

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Keywords Solar energy justice; Energy justice; Flexibility justice; Just transition; Electricity markets; Flexibility Highlights * Solar energy development has positive justice impacts for the energy system. * Reformulating legislation to achieve legal certainty can increase solar investment. * Flexibility justice can increase economic welfare from solar energy development. * Indonesian reform can realise solar energy potential and deliver energy justice. Abstract To achieve national energy and climate targets across the world, there is a key focus on solar energy development. It is clear from literature that many countries have enormous, under-utilised potentials for solar energy, which can significantly change their energy mix and contribute to the low-carbon ambitions they signed up to under the 2015 Paris Agreement. Our research highlights that there are benefits to solar energy development from a law and economic perspective that are still underexplored. These benefits centre on justice and on how solar energy increases justice within the energy system. From a legal perspective, we review 72 countries and their introduction of energy law with respect to solar energy development. Our analysis illustrates that in some developing countries (new) legislation was not associated with a significant increase in the share of solar energy in the energy mix. We then highlight how to achieve solar energy development through law that can provide certainty for investment. Furthermore, we stress the importance of flexibility that allows the full potential of solar energy to be realised within the energy system. The corresponding form of flexibility justice, combining law and economics, can contribute to increased economic welfare based on market reforms that centre on new market design and market access, while ensuring that it keeps pace with ongoing developments in technology, cost, and ownership. Author Affiliation: (a) Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK (b) FIM Research Center, University of Augsburg, Germany (c) Project Group Business & Information Systems Engineering of the Fraunhofer FIT, Germany (d) FIM Research Center, University of Bayreuth, Germany (e) UEF Law School, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland (f) Senior Counsel, Jansen, Brussels, Belgium (g) Associate Researcher, Energy Policy Research Group, University of Cambridge, UK (h) Energy Policy Consultant, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Geneva, Switzerland * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 31 March 2020; Revised 7 January 2021; Accepted 27 January 2021 Byline: R. Heffron [r.heffron@dundee.ac.uk] (a,f,g,*), Stephanie Halbrügge (b,c), Marc-Fabian Körner (c,d), Nana A. Obeng-Darko (e), Theresia Sumarno (a,h), Jonathan Wagner (c), Martin Weibelzahl (c)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A657002926