On the effects of nanomaterials on the performance of solar distillation systems-A comprehensive review.

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From: Solar Energy(Vol. 218)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 313 words

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Keywords Nanomaterials; NPCM; Solar distillation systems; Performance, Water productivity Abstract Recently, several types of research have been conducted on solar stills due to the low cost of water productivity, the feasibility of their use in most climates, and their environmentally friendly properties. The performance of solar desalination systems depends on various geometric designs and methods. This includes thermoelectric heating and cooling; phase change materials; solar collectors, PV/T; glass cover cooling, external condenser, and employing nanomaterials. This investigation seeks to evaluate different nanomaterials' effect on the water production rate in solar distillation systems. Previous studies have mainly used nanofluids to increase the water temperature. However, a simultaneous increase in both the condensation and evaporation rates using a nanofluid can significantly affect water productivity and improve solar performance. Another application of nanoparticles in solar stills is their use in the glass cover coating for condensation rate improvements. In the washbasin, liner coating increases the evaporation rate. In some research, adding nanomaterials to phase change materials increases the heat transfer rate between phase change materials. It also increases the water production rate during low solar intensity. The effect of nanomaterials on the performance of all types of solar desalination systems is reviewed in the current work. Author Affiliation: (a) Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia (b) Engineering and Applied Science Research Center, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia (c) Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia (d) Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Assuit University, Assuit 71515, Egypt * Corresponding author at: Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia. Article History: Received 12 January 2021; Revised 28 February 2021; Accepted 6 March 2021 Byline: Ibrahim M. Alarifi [i.alarifi@mu.edu.sa] (a,b,*), Ahmed G. Abo-Khalil (c,d), Abdel-Rahman Al-Qawasmi (c), Walied Alharbi (c), Mohammad Alobaid (a)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A657002971