Frailty and length of stay in older adults with blunt injury in a national multicentre prospective cohort study.

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 16, Issue 4)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,227 words
Lexile Measure: 1640L

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Abstract :

Background Patients suffering moderate or severe injury after low falls have higher readmission and long-term mortality rates compared to patients injured by high-velocity mechanisms such as motor vehicle accidents. We hypothesize that this is due to higher pre-injury frailty in low-fall patients, and present baseline patient and frailty demographics of a prospective cohort of moderate and severely injured older patients. Our second hypothesis was that frailty was associated with longer length of stay (LOS) at index admission. Methods This is a prospective, nation-wide, multi-center cohort study of Singaporean residents aged [greater than or equal to]55 years admitted for [greater than or equal to]48 hours after blunt injury with an injury severity score or new injury severity score [greater than or equal to]10, or an Organ Injury Scale [greater than or equal to]3, in public hospitals from 2016-2018. Demographics, mechanism of injury and frailty were recorded and analysed by Chi-square, or Kruskal-Wallis as appropriate. Results 218 participants met criteria and survived the index admission. Low fall patients had the highest proportion of frailty (44, 27.3%), followed by higher level fallers (3, 21.4%) and motor vehicle accidents (1, 2.3%) (p Conclusion Patients sustaining moderate or severe injury after low falls are more likely to be frail compared to patients injured after higher-velocity mechanisms. However, this did not translate into longer adjusted LOS in hospital at index admission.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A660235742