Mental health services use among adolescent bullying victims in Australia: Results from a nationwide survey.

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Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Article
Length: 545 words

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Keywords Traditional bullying; Cyberbullying; Mental disorder; Self-harm; Suicidal ideation; Mental health services Highlights * Percentages of bullying (traditional/cyber) victims were high. * Prevalence of mental disorders, self-harm and suicidality were high. * Many bullying victims with mental health problems did not use any services. * Bullying victimization was significantly associated with services use. * School service was linked to interaction terms in traditional bullying victims. Abstract Background Research supports a robust association between bullying, mental disorder, self-harm, and suicidal ideation in adolescence; however, the relation between bullying victimization and access to mental health services is incompletely understood. This study investigated whether traditional and cyberbullying victimization were associated with access to mental health services in adolescents, and to test the interaction between bullying victimization with a mental disorder, self-harm, and suicidal ideation on each service. Methods Data analyses were conducted on 2218 Australian adolescents aged 12--17 years using the Young Minds Matter survey. Binary logistic regression models were employed to assess the odds of using mental health services (health, school, telephone, and online) separately among traditional bullying and cyberbullying victims. Interaction terms -- 'bullying victimization and mental disorder', 'bullying victimization and self-harm', and 'bullying victimization and suicidal ideation', -- were included in the regression models to examine whether and to what extent service use is affected respectively among traditionally bullied and cyberbullied sample. Results Overall, 27.6% and 11.2% of adolescents experienced traditional bullying and cyberbullying, respectively. Also, the percentages of any mental disorder (20.4%) and health-risk behaviours (self-harm - 7.6% and suicidal ideation - 8.3%) were significant among the sample. Although many bullying victims did not use any services, both bivariate and multivariate analyses showed a strong and significant association between bullying victimization (traditional and cyber) and access to mental health services. Adolescents who reported both traditional bullying victimization and self-harm were found to be significantly associated with school service (p Conclusion A limited number of bullying victims with or without mental health problems (mental disorder, self-harm, and suicidal ideation) use mental health services. Further research is warranted to identify the barriers to service use and to promote service utilization in adolescent bullying victims in a way that prevents the effects of bullying timely. Author Affiliation: (a) Centre for Health Research and School of Commerce, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia (b) School of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia (c) Maternal and Child Health Division, ICDDR, B, 68 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh (d) College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Health Science, University of Saskatchewan, 104 Clinic Place Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada (e) Department of Oncology and Metabolism, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK * Corresponding author at: Workstation 15, Room T450, Block T, Centre for Health Research, School of Sciences and School of Commerce, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia. Article History: Received 28 November 2020; Revised 4 May 2021; Accepted 13 November 2021 Byline: Md Irteja Islam [mdirteja.islam@usq.edu.au] (a,b,c,*), Fakir Md. Yunus [fakir.yunus@usask.ca] (d), Shumona Sharmin Salam [shumona.salam@sheffield.ac.uk] (e), Enamul Kabir [enamul.kabir@usq.edu.au] (b), Rasheda Khanam [rasheda.khanam@usq.edu.au] (a)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A687505372