Comparative study of eye-hand coordination among volleyball playing and nonvolleyball playing university students.

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Authors: Saba Irem and Noor Mohammad
Date: Sept-Dec 2020
From: Saudi Journal of Sports Medicine(Vol. 20, Issue 3)
Publisher: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 2,551 words
Lexile Measure: 1540L

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Byline: Saba. Irem, Noor. Mohammad

Background: Eye hand coordination is a complex skill which is essential for sensory functions and motor functions. It can be an important indicator for the evaluation of goal directed movements (movements associated with activity of daily living, gross motor function and fine motor function). The difficulty in the eye hand coordination may adversely affect the performance of any sports person. Purpose: The study was conducted to, compare eye-hand coordination among the volleyball playing and non-volleyball playing university students. Study design: Study was a cross section survey Method: Volleyball playing and non-volleyball playing 40 university students, aged 18 to 25 years were taken from a University in New Delhi, India. Eye-hand coordination performance was measured by using Buzz Wire Task and Alternate Hand Wall Test. Mean values of both the tests were compared between volleyball playing group and non-volleyball playing group using Mann-Whitney U test. Result: Statistical significance was tested at 0.05 levels. The test results of this study showed statistically significant difference in the mean rank of eye-hand coordination between both groups (Buzz wire equipment U = 31.50, p = 0.00 and Alternate Hand Wall Test U = 104.50, p = 0.00). Conclusion: Volleyball playing university students showed better eye hand coordination and performed better in comparison to non-volleyball playing university students in this chosen setting.



Eye-hand coordination is crucial for daily life activities, which develops with age. Visual skills play an important role in enabling us to perform activities of daily living (ADL) efficiently. Visual information are acquired by the high-resolution images on retina and eye movements.[1]

The coordinated movement between the eye and the hand, known as eye-hand coordination, allows us to perform various tasks such as feeding, grooming, and playing sports.[2] The eyes fix the focus on an object prior than the hands. When eating gaze is directed at plate first, and then a hand makes move toward the plate. Similarly, in playing volleyball, the arrival of gaze on volleyball precedes hitting the ball. This earlier fixation of gaze on object facilitates the motor planning by identifying the exact location of object in space.[2]

The relative movement of eye to the hand is possible due to good sensorimotor processing and visuomotor integration. The eyes not only focuses at an objects before the hand start to move toward it but also leaves focus earlier than the hand.[3] This interval between eye focus and movement of hand is arrival interval. During this interval, visual and proprioceptive information from eye is used to guide the hand movement.

Good eye-hand coordination could be characterized by not only shorter performance time but also relatively longer eye-hand arrival interval. This interval property of better eye-hand coordination indicates of efficient visuomotor integration.[4]

All goal directed movements are requires saccadic eye movement. Ageing brings the notable changes to visual processing and motor control. The skill of coordinated eye and body movement in any sport also depends on visual-motor reaction time. It is defined as the elapsed time between...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A654197304