Analysis of atmospheric ammonia over South and East Asia based on the MOZART-4 model and its comparison with satellite and surface observations.

Citation metadata

From: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics(Vol. 21, Issue 8)
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 376 words

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Limited availability of atmospheric ammonia (NH.sub.3) observations limits our understanding of controls on its spatial and temporal variability and its interactions with the ecosystem. Here we used the Model for Ozone and Related chemical Tracers version 4 (MOZART-4) global chemistry transport model and the Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution version 2 (HTAP-v2) emission inventory to simulate global NH.sub.3 distribution for the year 2010. We presented a first comparison of the model with monthly averaged satellite distributions and limited ground-based observations available across South Asia. The MOZART-4 simulations over South Asia and East Asia were evaluated with the NH.sub.3 retrievals obtained from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) satellite and 69 ground-based monitoring stations for air quality across South Asia and 32 ground-based monitoring stations from the Nationwide Nitrogen Deposition Monitoring Network (NNDMN) of China. We identified the northern region of India (Indo-Gangetic Plain, IGP) as a hotspot for NH.sub.3 in Asia, both using the model and satellite observations. In general, a close agreement was found between yearly averaged NH.sub.3 total columns simulated by the model and IASI satellite measurements over the IGP, South Asia (r=0.81), and the North China Plain (NCP), East Asia (r=0.90). However, the MOZART-4-simulated NH.sub.3 column was substantially higher over South Asia than East Asia, as compared with the IASI retrievals, which show smaller differences. Model-simulated surface NH.sub.3 concentrations indicated smaller concentrations in all seasons than surface NH.sub.3 measured by the ground-based observations over South and East Asia, although uncertainties remain in the available surface NH.sub.3 measurements. Overall, the comparison of East Asia and South Asia using both MOZART-4 model and satellite observations showed smaller NH.sub.3 columns in East Asia compared with South Asia for comparable emissions, indicating rapid dissipation of NH.sub.3 due to secondary aerosol formation, which can be explained by larger emissions of acidic precursor gases in East Asia.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A659813518