The Effects of Childhood and Adolescent Adversity on Substance Use Disorders and Poor Health in Early Adulthood

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From: Journal of Youth and Adolescence(Vol. 46, Issue 1)
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 380 words

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Abstract :

To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0566-3 Byline: Kate Wolitzky-Taylor (1), Amy Sewart (2), Suzanne Vrshek-Schallhorn (3), Richard Zinbarg (4), Susan Mineka (4), Constance Hammen (2), Lyuba Bobova (5), Emma K. Adam (6), Michelle G. Craske (2) Keywords: Childhood adversity; Adolescent adversity; Substance use disorders; Health outcomes; Longitudinal study Abstract: Childhood and adolescent adversity have been shown to predict later mental and physical health outcomes. Understanding which aspects and developmental timings of adversity are important, and the mechanisms by which they have their impact may help guide intervention approaches. A large subset of adolescents (N=457 Female 68.9%) from the 10-year longitudinal Youth Emotion Project was examined to better understand the associations among childhood/adolescent adversity, substance use disorder, and later health quality. Adolescent (but not childhood) adversities were associated with poorer health in late adolescence/early adulthood, adolescent adversities were associated with subsequent onset of substance use disorder, and adolescent adversities continued to be associated with poorer health in late adolescence/early adulthood after accounting for the variance explained by substance use disorder onset. These associations were observed after statistically accounting for emotional disorders and socioeconomic status. Specific domains of adversity uniquely predicted substance use disorder and poorer health outcomes. In contrast with current recent research, our findings suggest the association between childhood/adolescent adversity and poorer health outcomes in late adolescence and emerging adulthood are not entirely accounted for by substance use disorder, suggesting efforts to curtail family-based adolescent adversity may have downstream health benefits. Author Affiliation: (1) Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California-Los Angeles, 11075 Santa Monica Blvd, Suite 200, Los Angeles, CA, 90025, USA (2) Department of Psychology, University of California-Los Angeles, 1285 Franz Hall-Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA (3) Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina-Greensboro, 296 Eberhart Building, PO Box 26170 | Greensboro, NC 27402-6170, Greensboro, NC, 27412, USA (4) Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road - 102 Swift Hall, Evanston, IL, 60208-2710, USA (5) Clinical Psychology, Adler University, 17 N. Dearborn Street, Chicago, IL, 60602, USA (6) School of Education and Social Policy and Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, 2120 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA Article History: Registration Date: 30/08/2016 Received Date: 19/08/2016 Accepted Date: 30/08/2016 Online Date: 09/09/2016

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A476735013