Dynamin and endocytosis are required for the fusion of osteoclasts and myoblasts

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From: The Journal of Cell Biology(Vol. 207, Issue 1)
Publisher: Rockefeller University Press
Document Type: Author abstract
Length: 146 words

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Abstract :

Cell-cell fusion is an evolutionarily conserved process that leads to the formation of multinucleated myofibers, syncytiotrophoblasts and osteoclasts, allowing their respective functions. Although cell-cell fusion requires the presence of fusogenic membrane proteins and actin-dependent cytoskeletal reorganization, the precise machinery allowing cells to fuse is still poorly understood. Using an inducible knockout mouse model to generate dynamin 1- and 2-deficient primary osteoclast precursors and myoblasts, we found that fusion of both cell types requires dynamin. Osteoclast and myoblast cell-cell fusion involves the formation of actin-rich protrusions closely associated with clathrin-mediated endocytosis in the apposed cell. Furthermore, impairing endocytosis independently of dynamin also prevented cell-cell fusion. Since dynamin is involved in both the formation of actin-rich structures and in endocytosis, our results indicate that dynamin function is central to the osteoclast precursors and myoblasts fusion process, and point to an important role of endocytosis in cell-cell fusion. www.jcb.org/cgi/doi/10.1083/jcb.201401137

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A387826333