Assessment of meteorology vs. control measures in the China fine particular matter trend from 2013 to 2019 by an environmental meteorology index.

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From: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics(Vol. 21, Issue 4)
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 261 words

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Abstract :

A framework was developed to quantitatively assess the contribution of meteorology variations to the trend of fine particular matter (PM.sub.2.5) concentrations and to separate the impacts of meteorology from the control measures in the trend, based upon the Environmental Meteorology Index (EMI). The model-based EMI realistically reflects the role of meteorology in the trend of PM.sub.2.5 and is explicitly attributed to three major factors: deposition, vertical accumulation and horizontal transports. Based on the 2013-2019 PM.sub.2.5 observation data and re-analysis meteorological data in China, the contributions of meteorology and control measures in nine regions of China were assessed separately by the EMI-based framework. Monitoring network observations show that the PM.sub.2.5 concentrations have declined by about 50 % on the national average and by about 35 % to 53 % for various regions. It is found that the nationwide emission control measures were the dominant factor in the declining trend of China PM.sub.2.5 concentrations, contributing about 47 % of the PM.sub.2.5 decrease from 2013 to 2019 on the national average and 32 % to 52 % for various regions. The meteorology has a variable and sometimes critical contribution to the year-by-year variations of PM.sub.2.5 concentrations, 5 % on the annual average and 10 %-20 % for the fall-winter heavy pollution seasons.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A653454774