Exercising with face mask during the pandemic: A qualitative analysis.

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Date: Sept-Dec 2020
From: Saudi Journal of Sports Medicine(Vol. 20, Issue 3)
Publisher: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 3,543 words
Lexile Measure: 1940L

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Byline: Muhammad. Islam, Mohammad. Rahman, Anup. De

A new respiratory virus known as coronavirus disease (COVID-19) (2019 novel coronavirus) is causing a respiratory disease epidemic worldwide. Many patients with COVID-19 had mild-to-severe respiratory failure and recovered without medical care. However, this respiratory infection can spread very rapidly by infected droplets when an individual is in close contact with others. A face mask is simple protective equipment that can minimize the transmission of infectious viruses, even though that person is asymptomatic. This study illustrates the benefits and drawbacks of having a face mask during the COVID-19 disease outbreak at athlete's workouts. After critically reviewing the various research papers (most of the research papers published in the year 2020), we considered the social distance to be the alternative for preventing severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV-2 droplets. Face masks could be one way to minimize infected droplet entry. In this connection, previous researchers have found that exercise with a face mask requires adaptation time that can improve respiratory muscle strength. The present study recommends that athletes should wear a face mask while training at the open space if there is someone near the athlete.

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Introduction

In 1965, the existence of humanoid coronaviruses started when Tyrrell and Bynoe discovered they could passageway a virus known as B814. It was found in the trachea of human embryos organs grown from an adult's respiratory tract in the common cold.[1],[2] Although the research was underway to investigate human coronaviruses' pathogenicity and epidemiology, the quantity and significance of animal coronaviruses were quickly expanding. Coronaviruses have been described as causing disease in several species of pets like animals.[2]

Bearing in mind the variety of animal coronaviruses wasn't surprised when a very new, severe acute cause came in 2002-2003, respiratory syndrome, called SARS, arose as a coronavirus, spreading in southern China, Hong Kong and throughout the world.[3],[4],[5] Besides, SARS-CoV has a zoonotic basis and seems to be the natural reservoir for horseshoe bats. At the onset of the 2002-2003 outbreaks, animal-to-human inter-species transmission was potentially active, supplying the origins of an agent that would eventually adapt to effective transmissions from humans to humans.[6]

A novel form of SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus was first reported in Wuhan in December 2019, a town in China's Hubei province with 11 million inhabitants, without an established cause after such an outbreak of pneumonia. Now, the virus has spread to over 210 countries and territories worldwide, and the World Health Organization (WHO) characterized it as a pandemic on 11 March 2020.[7],[8] However, pneumonia, now known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is a typical feature of the SARS-CoV-2-infected patient indicated by computer tomographic scan or X-ray chest.[9],[10],[11],[12] According to the United Nations Development Programme, the COVID-19 pandemic is today's distinguishing worldwide public health issue and the worst part people have faced since World War Two. The virus has spread across every continent since its emergence in Asia in late 2019.[13]

According to Worldometers, COVID-19 affects 218 countries and regions worldwide. By December 31, 2020 (as on 05:37...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A654197303