Successful treatment of long-term, poststroke, upper-limb spasticity with onabotulinumtoxinA

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Author: Atul T. Patel
Date: Nov. 2011
From: Physical Therapy(Vol. 91, Issue 11)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Document Type: Case study
Length: 3,512 words
Lexile Measure: 1690L

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Abstract :

Background and Purpose. Poststroke spasticity often negatively affects functional activities and daily living and frequently is accompanied by pain, abnormal limb postures, and contractures. The purpose of this case report is to describe the long-term benefit of botulinum toxin A in a patient with poststroke spasticity. Case Description. A 35-year-old woman with poststroke upper-limb spasticity who had lost function in her left hand was treated with onabotulinumtoxinA and physical therapy. Over 25 months, the patient received a physical therapy and occupational therapy program and received onabotulinumtoxinA injections into muscles of the left hand and arm, significantly reducing tone and facilitating recovery of function. Practical assessments, the Ashworth Scale, and electrophysiology were used to measure changes over time. No functional scales or dexterity scales were used to measure changes. Outcomes. OnabotulinumtoxinA injections were discontinued when treatment goals were attained, and no further improvements were achieved. After more than 2 1/2 years without further onabotulinumtoxinA treatments, the patient maintained range of motion and some functional use and dexterity in her left hand. Discussion. This case report illustrates the efficacy and long-term benefit of onabotulinumtoxinA, combined with physical therapy and occupational therapy, in the successful treatment of poststroke spasticity.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A272362681