Rational use of paracetamol among out-patients in a Bhutanese district hospital bordering India: a cross-sectional study

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Date: Sept. 10, 2018
From: BMC Research Notes(Vol. 11, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 3,184 words
Lexile Measure: 1340L

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Abstract :

Objective Paracetamol or acetaminophen is a weak analgesic commonly used worldwide and in Bhutan. It is available across all levels of Bhutan's health care system and for purchase without prescription. Little is known, however, about patterns of paracetamol use in Bhutan. This study aimed to assess what the Bhutanese population knows about the indications for use of paracetamol, safe use, and common patterns of usage (frequency, dosage). These questions were studied among Bhutanese living in Phuentsholing, a large commercial town at Bhutan-India border. Results Among 441 participants, most (72.1%) reported having used paracetamol in the past 1 year. The mean knowledge score was 57.6%; only 30 participants (6.8%) had what was characterized as "good knowledge." Level of knowledge was positively associated with level of education (p = 0.031). Less than half (41.3%) had a "good attitude" towards use of paracetamol. In practice, few (4.8%) knew the correct dose, including about one in ten who reported exceeding the recommended therapeutic dose. Most knew about side effects (61.2%) and possible allergic reactions (77.3%). Many participants (47.9%) acknowledged that the self-use of paracetamol may not reduce the number of hospital visits. Keywords: Paracetamol, Acetaminophen, Health knowledge, attitudes, practice, Self medication

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A557736241