Predicting the intention to practice physical activity among high school female students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

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Date: Sept-Dec 2020
From: Saudi Journal of Sports Medicine(Vol. 20, Issue 3)
Publisher: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,720 words
Lexile Measure: 1670L

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Byline: Aisha. Albuluwi, Nurah. Alteraiqi, Nadin. Alotaibi, Sara. Alsuhaibani

Purpose: This study aimed to predict the intention to perform physical activity (PA) of high school female students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and to investigate the degree to which the elements of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) mediate in the intention to participate in PA. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a predesigned questionnaire applying TPB; this study was conducted for the duration of 3 months. The sample size was calculated to be 574 participants from randomly selected girl's high schools in Riyadh. Results: It was found that 59.06% of the students had a positive intention toward practicing PA. It also revealed that regression weight on intention to practice PA of perceived behavioral control had (ß = 0.301, P < 0.000), attitude (ß = 0.270, P < 0.000), and subjective norms (ß = 0.183 P < 0.000). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that all TPB variables are useful tools and statistically significant with the intention to practice PA for prediction of the intention to practice PA among students. Further, perceived behavioral control had the strongest regression weight on the intention to practice PA.

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Introduction

Introduction to the study

The promotion of physical activity (PA) remains a high priority among public health and researchers with reinforcing the importance of concerted efforts to promote PA.[1] According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 'Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure.'[2]

The important period of development during which personal lifestyle choices and behavior establish is adolescence, behavior developed in the early stage, and more likely to be maintained throughout the rest of life including the choice to be physically active.[3] According to the WHO defined an adolescent as any person between aged 10 and 19 years.[4] In 2018, WHO recommended that adolescence participate in daily PA of at least moderate intensity for 30-60 min.[5] Regular PA of moderate intensity such as walking, cycling, or doing sports has significant benefits for health.[2]

Lack of PA is a major global public health issue associated with a range of chronic disease outcomes, studies showed that lack of PA has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality, and increases the risk of many adverse health conditions, including major noncommunicable diseases such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breast and colon cancers, and shortens life expectancy.[6] PA brings many health benefits, not only helps to improve body fitness but also prevents chronic diseases, fosters normal growth, makes people feel better, and extends social network.[7]

Only 27.1% of high school students participate in PA at least 60 min per day in the United States.[8] According to the WHO, adolescent girls have higher prevalence of physical inactivity than adolescent boys at 83% in the world.[2] The rate in Saudi Arabia is 10% of girls among high school students joined in moderate PA per day.[9]

The application of behavioral theories could help generate effective...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A654197306