Health care transition planning: A potpourri of perspectives from nurses.

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Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 348 words

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Abstract :

Keywords: adolescents; health care transition; special health care needs; transfer of care Purpose Nurses have important roles as members of the healthcare transition (HCT) planning interdisciplinary team. Nursing's scope of practice and framework of care brings a distinctive and complementary approach to this expanding field in pediatric care. It is therefore relevant to better understand the extent to which pediatric nurses are involved with the provision of HCT services and model development. Design and Methods This was a qualitative analysis of a national survey of pediatric nurses. A thematic iterative process was used to code data. Three coders separately analyzed responses and then met to compare and discuss until a final list of codes was achieved. The codes were further analyzed until themes and subthemes emerged. Throughout the process, disagreements were discussed and resolved until consensus was achieved. Results A sample of 1814 pediatric nurses and nurse practitioners from two US professional organizations participated in this national survey to gather data on their involvement in HCT planning. This survey contained 17 items, one of which was an open-ended question stating: Is there anything else you would like to share about your role with the population of transitioning youth and young adults with chronic illness and/or disability? The analysis of responses provided by 154 nurses is presented. Initial coding resulted in 11 categories of data. Four major themes, including four subthemes, emerged from the analysis of responses: Support for the need for transition (subtheme: Nursing involvement); Guidance needed for professional practice (subtheme: Types of guidelines and training); Lack of service linkages to adult providers; and Difficulty letting go (two subthemes: Pediatric providers; Parents). Practice Implications These findings indicated strong support for the need of HCT services and the importance of nursing involvement. However, challenges to HCT implementation were identified that include systemic, psychosocial, and educational barriers. As this field of practice and research continues to grow, it is important that pediatric nurses recognize the opportunities to have a clinical voice to develop nurse-led HCT services and programs. Byline: Cecily L. Betz, Jennifer E. Mannino, Jennifer A. Disabato, Victoria Marner

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A709893854