A two-hit model of alcoholic liver disease that exhibits rapid, severe fibrosis.

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 16, Issue 3)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 6,233 words
Lexile Measure: 1490L

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Abstract :

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is responsible for an average of 50.4% and 44.2%of liver disease deaths among males and females respectively. Driven by alcohol misuse, ALD is often reversible by cessation of consumption. However, abstinence programs can have limited success at curtailing abuse, and the loss of life. ALD, therefore, remains a significant clinical challenge. There is a need for effective treatments that prevent or reverse alcohol-induced liver damage to complement or supplant behavioral interventions. Metabolic syndrome, which is disproportionally prevalent in ALD patients, accelerates the progression of ALD and increases liver disease mortality. Current rodent models of ALD unfortunately do not account for the contribution of the western diet to ALD pathology. To address this, we have developed a rodent model of ALD that integrates the impact of the western diet and alcohol; the WASH-diet model. We show here that the WASH diet, either chronically or in small time-restricted bouts, accelerated ALD pathology with severe steatohepatitis, elevated inflammation and increased fibrosis compared to mice receiving chronic alcohol alone. We also validated our WASH-diet model as an in vivo system for testing the efficacy of experimental ALD treatments. The efficacy of the inverse-agonist SR9238, previously shown to inhibit both non-alcohol and alcohol-induced steatohepatitis progression, was conserved in our WASH-diet model. These findings suggested that the WASH-diet may be useful for in vivo pre-clinical assessment of novel therapies.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A656418661