Adiponectin levels and its relation with insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in a group of sub-Saharan African women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

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From: BMC Research Notes(Vol. 15, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 2,766 words
Lexile Measure: 1310L

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Abstract :

Objectives Low levels of adiponectin have been reported in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). In sub-Saharan Africa, little data are available on the topic. We aimed to investigate the levels of adiponectin and its relation with insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in women with PCOS in Yaoundé, Cameroon. A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 32 women presenting PCOS and 32 controls matched for age and Body Mass Index. For each participant, adiponectin levels were measured. We estimated insulin sensitivity using Homeostasis model index (HOMA-IR) and insulin secretion with C-peptide levels. Results Women with PCOS had higher insulin secretion levels than controls (C-peptide: 4.98 [+ or -] 3.83 vs 3.25 [+ or -] 1.62 mUI/l; p = 0.02). Also, the HOMA-IR index was higher compared to that of women without PCOS (1.15 [+ or -] 0.90 vs 0.77 [+ or -] 0.38; p = 0.03) suggesting greater insulin resistance. The median [25th-75th percentile] values of adiponectin concentrations were similar between the two groups (22.68 [21.72-23.41] [mu]g/ml vs 22.03 [21.40-22.93] [mu]g/ml; p = 0.1). There was no association between insulin sensitivity and adiponectin levels in the PCOS group. PCOS is not associated with changes in adiponectin in a population of sub-Saharan African women. Further studies are needed to shed more light on this condition. Keywords: Adiponectin, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Insulin sensitivity

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A699558572