Objectives Patient-reported outcome measures can facilitate the assessment of walking impairment in peripheral artery disease patients with intermittent claudication in clinical trials and practice. The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the German version of the 'Walking Estimated-Limitation Calculated by History' (WELCH) questionnaire. Methods The assessed properties included feasibility, test-retest reliability, construct validity (i.e., convergent, divergent and known-groups validity) and responsiveness using classic psychometric methods. Psychometric properties were tested as part of a randomized controlled home-based exercise trial for patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease at Fontaine stage IIA/B. Results Analyses were conducted in subgroups of 1,696 patients at baseline and 1,233 patients at 12-month follow-up (i.e., post-intervention) who completed the WELCH along with a battery of other self-report measures. The WELCH did not exhibit relevant floor or ceiling effects Conclusions The WELCH is considered a feasible, reliable and valid patient-reported outcome measure for the measurement of walking impairment in patients with peripheral artery disease. The WELCH showed evidence for responsiveness to changes in walking impairment, yet further studies are warranted to conclusively determine the WELCH's ability to detect intervention effects.