A review of antimicrobial resistance in imported foods.

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Date: Jan. 2022
From: Canadian Journal of Microbiology(Vol. 68, Issue 1)
Publisher: NRC Research Press
Document Type: Report
Length: 8,810 words
Lexile Measure: 1260L

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Abstract :

Antimicrobial resistance is one of the most serious threats to medical science. Food supply is recognized as a potential source of resistant bacteria, leading to the development of surveillance programs targeting primarily poultry, pork, and beef. These programs are limited in scope, not only in the commodities tested, but also in the organisms targeted (Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Campylobacter); consequently, neither the breadth of food products available nor the organisms that may harbour clinically relevant and (or) mobile resistance genes are identified. Furthermore, there is an inadequate understanding of how international trade in food products contributes to the global dissemination of resistance. This is despite the recognized role of international travel in disseminating antimicrobial-resistant organisms, notably New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase. An increasing number of studies describing antimicrobial-resistant organisms in a variety of imported foods are summarized in this review. Key words: antimicrobial resistance, surveillance, imported foods, carbapenemases, ESBL. La resistance aux antimicrobiens est l'une des menaces les plus serieuses pour les sciences medicales. L'approvisionnement alimentaire est reconnu comme une source potentielle de bacteries resistantes, ce qui a mene a l'elaboration de programmes de surveillance ciblant principalement la volaille, le porc et le breuf. Ces programmes ont une portee limitee, non seulement en ce qui concerne les produits testes, mais aussi les organismes cibles (Escherichia coli, Salmonella et Campylobacter); par consequent, ni l'etendue des produits alimentaires disponibles ni les organismes susceptibles d'abriter des genes de resistance cliniquement pertinents ou mobiles ne sont identifies. En outre, on ne comprend pas bien comment le commerce international des produits alimentaires contribue a la diffusion mondiale de la resistance. Et ce, malgre le role reconnu des voyages internationaux dans la dissemination des organismes resistants aux antimicrobiens, notamment New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase. Un nombre croissant d'etudes decrivant des organismes resistants aux antimicrobiens dans une variete d'aliments importes sera resume dans cette synthese. Mots-cles : resistance antimicrobienne, surveillance, aliments importes, carbapenemases, BLSE.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A690284819