Detection of spreader nodes in human-SARS-CoV protein-protein interaction network.

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Date: Sept. 6, 2021
From: PeerJ(Vol. 9)
Publisher: PeerJ. Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 7,522 words
Lexile Measure: 1430L

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Abstract :

The entire world is witnessing the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), caused by a novel coronavirus (n-CoV) generally distinguished as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 promotes fatal chronic respiratory disease followed by multiple organ failure, ultimately putting an end to human life. International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) has reached a consensus that SARS-CoV-2 is highly genetically similar (up to 89%) to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV), which had an outbreak in 2003. With this hypothesis, current work focuses on identifying the spreader nodes in the SARS-CoV-human protein-protein interaction network (PPIN) to find possible lineage with the disease propagation pattern of the current pandemic. Various PPIN characteristics like edge ratio, neighborhood density, and node weight have been explored for defining a new feature spreadability index by which spreader proteins and protein-protein interaction (in the form of network edges) are identified. Top spreader nodes with a high spreadability index have been validated by Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible (SIS) disease model, first using a synthetic PPIN followed by a SARS-CoV-human PPIN. The ranked edges highlight the path of entire disease propagation from SARS-CoV to human PPIN (up to level-2 neighborhood). The developed network attribute, spreadability index, and the generated SIS model, compared with the other network centrality-based methodologies, perform better than the existing state-of-art.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A674466045