Technetium-99m-sestamibi single-photon emission computerised tomography (CT)/CT in the prediction of malignant versus benign small renal masses.

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From: BJU International(Vol. 130, Issue S3)
Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 256 words

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Keywords: .sup.99mTc-sestamibi SPECT/CT; small renal masses; RCC; oncocytoma; benign vs malignant Objectives To determine the effectiveness of technetium-99m (.sup.99mTc)-sestamibi single-photon emission computerised tomography/computerised tomography (SPECT/CT) in distinguishing between malignant and benign renal lesions. Patients and Methods Between June 2018 and October 2020 all patients with new indeterminate small renal masses (SRMs) underwent .sup.99mTc-sestamibi renal SPECT/CT before biopsy or surgery. The accuracy of .sup.99mTc-sestamibi imaging diagnoses was assessed against histopathology. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine the optimum cut-off for the tumour:normal uptake ratio. Logistic regression was used to determine if quantitative analysis significantly added to visual interpretation alone. Results A total of 74 patients with SRMs were investigated with .sup.99mTc-sestamibi SPECT/CT. The SPECT/CT correctly identified 49 malignant tumours and 11 benign tumours, resulting in a sensitivity of 0.89(95% confidence interval [CI] 0.77-0.95) and a specificity of 0.73(95% CI 0.45-0.91). The ROC analysis of uptake ratios demonstrated that a tumour:normal uptake ratio of 0.41 provided optimal diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity 0.81, specificity 0.88, area under the curve 0.883 [95% CI 0.794-0.971]). The uptake ratio was also highly significant in excluding malignancy on univariate logistic regression analysis whereby the higher the uptake ratio, the lower the chances were for malignancy (odds ratio 0.009, 95% CI 0.001-0.118, P Conclusion .sup.99mTc-sestamibi SPECT/CT is a non-invasive technique with good accuracy in determining if a SRM is benign or malignant. Byline: Pravin Viswambaram, Nicole Swarbrick, Alarick Picardo, Andrew Hohnen, Kevin Pham, William Macdonald, Dickon Hayne, Akhlil Hamid

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A727508995