Prevalence and determinants of pulmonary hypertension in a group of Cameroonian patients without chronic lung disease: a cross-sectional echocardiographic study

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From: BMC Research Notes(Vol. 10, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 2,750 words
Lexile Measure: 1340L

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Abstract :

Objective To study prevalence and determinants of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in a group of Cameroonian patients without chronic lung disease. We conducted a cross-sectional study conducted between April and December 2011 in a private cardiology clinic in Bafoussam, Cameroon. We included consenting participants aged [greater than or equai to] 18, who underwent a Doppler echocardiography. Patients with chronic lung disease were excluded. Results A total of 178 participants were enrolled, of whom 44.4% were males with a mean age of 63.1 [+ or -] 17.3 years. The prevalence of PH was 25.3%. Among patients with PH 44.4% had severe disease, (11.2% of study population). Age [greater than or equai to] 55 years, systolic blood pressure [greater than or equai to] 140 mmHg, low left ventricular ejection fraction ( Keywords: Pulmonary hypertension, Echocardiography, Prevalence, Determinants, Cameroon, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A533137646