Systematic detection of local CH.sub.4 anomalies by combining satellite measurements with high-resolution forecasts.

Citation metadata

From: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics(Vol. 21, Issue 6)
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 265 words

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

In this study, we present a novel monitoring methodology that combines satellite retrievals and forecasts to detect local CH.sub.4 concentration anomalies worldwide. These anomalies are caused by rapidly changing anthropogenic emissions that significantly contribute to the CH.sub.4 atmospheric budget and by biases in the satellite retrieval data. The method uses high-resolution (7 km x 7 km) retrievals of total column CH.sub.4 from the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) on board the Sentinel 5 Precursor satellite. Observations are combined with high-resolution CH.sub.4 forecasts (â¼ 9 km) produced by the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) to provide departures (observations minus forecasts) at close to the satellite's native resolution at appropriate time. Investigating these departures is an effective way to link satellite measurements and emission inventory data in a quantitative manner. We perform filtering on the departures to remove the synoptic-scale and meso-alpha-scale biases in both forecasts and satellite observations. We then apply a simple classification scheme to the filtered departures to detect anomalies and plumes that are missing (e.g. pipeline or facility leaks), underreported or overreported (e.g. depleted drilling fields) in the CAMS emissions. The classification method also shows some limitations to detect emission anomalies only due to local satellite retrieval biases linked to albedo and scattering issues.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A657068305