Automatic Calibration Using a Modified Genetic Algorithm for Millimeter-Wave Antenna Modules in MIMO Systems.

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Date: June 30, 2020
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,662 words
Lexile Measure: 1530L

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Abstract :

This study proposes a method for designing and calibrating a millimeter-wave (mm-wave) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna module. Herein, we adopt a design example involving a 64-element MIMO antenna array arranged in a triangular lattice (instead of the commonly used rectangular lattice) to achieve a 3[degrees]dB enhancement in effective isotropic radiated power. Analyzing a grating lobe diagram indicates a scan volume of [+ or -] 60[degrees]/[+ or -] 45[degrees] in the azimuth/elevation direction. To calibrate the massive mm-wave MIMO antenna module, we propose a modified genetic algorithm to align the amplitude/phase of the transmitting/receiving signal of the module to reduce the time required for the calibration process. Finally, we conducted a simple experiment to validate the proposed method.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A633433896