Diversity of soil fungi in the vineyards of Changli region in China.

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Date: May 2022
From: Canadian Journal of Microbiology(Vol. 68, Issue 5)
Publisher: NRC Research Press
Document Type: Report
Length: 6,336 words
Lexile Measure: 1470L

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Abstract :

This study aimed to elucidate the fungal diversity of Changli vineyard soil in China. High-throughput sequencing technology was used to investigate the diversity and composition of soil fungi in five vineyards from different geographical locations in Changli. Although the five vineyards had similar fungal communities, the diversity, composition, and distribution of the high-abundance species differed. Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, and Mortierellomycota were dominant phyla. Among the 14 high-abundance genera of fungi, Odiodendron, Pleotrichocladium, and Plectosephalella have rarely been reported in other vineyards and are unique to the Changli region. In addition, Solicoccozyma aeria and Solicoccozyma terrea were the dominant species in the five vineyards and have rarely been reported in domestic vineyards. Additionally, Rhizophagus, Wardomyces, Mortierella, Volutella, and Cryptococcus were significantly different among the five vineyard soils. Among these species, Mortierella was highly abundant in each vineyard, but its contents were significantly different across vineyards. These findings enrich the information on the composition and diversity of soil fungi in the vineyard of the Changli region, which helps to explore the regional or distinctive sensorial attributes of wine from the perspective of microbial biogeography. Key words: Changli region, vineyards, wine, soil fungi, diversity. Cette etude visait a elucider la diversite fongique dans le sol de vignobles de Changli en Chine. La technologie de sequencage a haut debit a ete utilisee pour etudier la diversite et la composition en champignons du sol de cinq vignobles situes sur differents sites geographiques de Changli. Bien que les cinq vignobles presentent des communautes fongiques similaires, la diversite, la composition et la distribution des especes de forte abondance different. Les Ascomycota, Basidiomycota et Mortierellomycota constituaient les phylums dominants. Parmi les 14 genres de champignons de forte abondance, Odiodendron, Pleotrichocladium et Plectosephalella etaient rarement signales dans d'autres vignobles, etant des especes uniques de la region de Changli. En outre, Solicoccozyma aeria et Solicoccozyma terrea constituaient les especes dominantes dans cinq vignobles et etaient rarement signalees dans les vignobles domestiques. De plus, Rhizophagus, Wardomyces, Mortierella, Volutella et Cryptococcus etaient significativement differents dans les sols des cinq vignobles. Parmi ces especes, Mortierella etait tres abondant dans chaque vignoble, mais son contenu etait significativement different entre les vignobles. Ces resultats ont enrichi les informations sur la composition et la diversite des champignons du sol dans les vignobles de la region de Changli, ce qui a permis d'explorer les attributs sensoriels regionaux ou distinctifs du vin du point de vue de la biogeographie microbienne. [Traduit par la Redaction] Mots-cles : region de Changli, vignobles, vin, champignons du sol, diversite.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A703478110