Willingness to pay for cataract surgery and associated factors among cataract patients in Outreach Site, North West Ethiopia.

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 16, Issue 3)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 5,994 words
Lexile Measure: 1370L

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Abstract :

Introduction In Ethiopia, cataract surgery is mainly provided by donors free of charge through outreach programs. Assessing willingness to pay for patients for cataract surgery will help explain how the service is valued by the beneficiaries and design a domestic source of finance to sustain a program. Although knowledge concerning willingness to pay for cataract surgery is substantive for developing a cost-recovery model, the existed knowledge is limited and not well-addressed. Therefore, the study aimed to assess willingness to pay for cataract surgery and associated factors among cataract patients in Outreach Site, North West Ethiopia. Methods A cross-sectional outreach-based study was conducted on 827 cataract patients selected through a simple random sampling method in Tebebe Gion Specialized Hospital, North West Ethiopia, from 10/11/2018 to 14/11/2018. The data were collected using a contingent valuation elicitation approach to elicit the participants' maximum willingness to pay through face to face questionnaire interviews. The descriptive data were organized and presented using summary statistics, frequency distribution tables, and figures accordingly. Factors assumed to be associate with a willingness to pay were identified using a Tobit regression model with a p-value of Results The study involved 827 cataract patients, and their median age was 65years. About 55% of the participants were willing to pay for the surgery. The average amount of money willing to pay was 17.5USD (95% CI; 10.5, 35.00) and It was significantly associated with being still worker ([beta] = 26.66, 95% CI: 13.03, 40.29), being educated ([beta] = 29.16, 95% CI: 2.35, 55.97), free from ocular morbidity ([beta] = 28.48, 95% CI: 1.08, 55.90), duration with the condition, ([beta] = -1.69, 95% CI: -3.32, -0.07), admission laterality ([beta] = 21.21, 95% CI: 3.65, 38.77) and remained visual ability ([beta] = -0.29, 95% CI (-0.55, -0.04). Conclusions Participants' willingness to pay for cataract surgery in outreach Sites is much lower than the surgery's actual cost. Early intervention and developing a cost-recovery model with multi-tiered packages attributed to the neediest people as in retired, less educated, severely disabled is strategic to increase the demand for service uptake and service accessibility.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A656135358