The Dutch Revolt and Catholic Exile in Reformation Europe

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Date: Summer 2016
From: The Catholic Historical Review(Vol. 102, Issue 3)
Publisher: The Catholic University of America Press
Document Type: Book review
Length: 771 words
Lexile Measure: 1390L

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The Dutch Revolt and Catholic Exile in Reformation Europe. By Geert H. Janssen. (New York: Cambridge University Press. 2014. Pp. xvi, 218. $95.00. ISBN 978-1-1-07-05503-2.)

Although, in the past decades, several books have been devoted to Protestant refugees from the Low Countries and their "refugee churches" in England and the Holy Roman Empire, the history of their Catholic counterparts has gone by largely unnoticed. For sure, Catholic exiles were far less numerous (Janssen estimates a total of 10,000 to 15,000), and, also in contrast with Protestant exiles, they were often able to return to their homes after only a few years. Thus, in comparison to a total of between 80,000 and 100,000 people that left the Southern Netherlands after 1585, the number of Catholic exiles seems almost negligible. Yet, in his concise but well thought-out book, Janssen argues that, during their rather brief period of exile, a new form of Catholic militancy took shape, which consequently became one of the pillars of the process of Counter-Reformation in the Habsburg Netherlands and sealed the cleavage between North and South after 1585.

In fact, with regard to Catholic exiles in the Dutch Revolt, Janssen...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A462508543