Responses to COVID-19: The role of governance, healthcare infrastructure, and learning from past pandemics.

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Date: Jan. 2021
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 268 words

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Abstract :

Keywords COVID-19; Pandemics; Rare events; Governance; Learning; Healthcare Highlights * Healthcare infrastructure positively influences both reactive and proactive response to Covid-19. * Learning from previous pandemics has a positive impact on a country's proactive and responses. * Centralized governance structure is positively related to reactive strategies. * Insurance infrastructure of a country effects proactive and reactive responses. Abstract The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has revealed vulnerabilities in global healthcare responses. Research in epidemiology has focused on understanding the effects of countries' responses on COVID-19 spread. While a growing body of research has focused on understanding the role of macro-level factors on responses to COVID-19, we have a limited understanding of what drives countries' responses to COVID-19. We lean on organizational learning theory and the extant literature on rare events to propose that governance structure, investment in healthcare infrastructure, and learning from past pandemics influence a country's response regarding reactive and proactive strategies. With data collected from various sources and using an empirical methodology, we find that centralized governance positively affects reactive strategies, while healthcare infrastructure and learning from past pandemics positively influence proactive and reactive strategies. This research contributes to the literature on learning, pandemics, and rare events. Author Affiliation: (a) Mays Business School, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States (b) Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Ahmedabad, India * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 11 May 2020; Revised 4 September 2020; Accepted 8 September 2020 (footnote)[white star] Authors thank Hiranya K. Nath for his feedback on an earlier version of the manuscript. Byline: Amalesh Sharma [asharma@mays.tamu.edu] (a,*), Sourav Bikash Borah [souravb@iima.ac.in] (b), Aditya C. Moses [adityam@iima.ac.in] (b)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A648491676