Evaluation of Computer-Aided Nodule Assessment and Risk Yield (CANARY) in Korean patients for prediction of invasiveness of ground-glass opacity nodule.

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 16, Issue 6)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,453 words
Lexile Measure: 1520L

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Abstract :

Differentiating the invasiveness of ground-glass nodules (GGN) is clinically important, and several institutions have attempted to develop their own solutions by using computed tomography images. The purpose of this study is to evaluate Computer-Aided Analysis of Risk Yield (CANARY), a validated virtual biopsy and risk-stratification machine-learning tool for lung adenocarcinomas, in a Korean patient population. To this end, a total of 380 GGNs from 360 patients who underwent pulmonary resection in a single institution were reviewed. Based on the Score Indicative of Lung Cancer Aggression (SILA), a quantitative indicator of CANARY analysis results, all of the GGNs were classified as "indolent" (atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, adenocarcinomas in situ, or minimally invasive adenocarcinoma) or "invasive" (invasive adenocarcinoma) and compared with the pathology reports. By considering the possibility of uneven class distribution, statistical analysis was performed on the 1) entire cohort and 2) randomly extracted six sets of class-balanced samples. For each trial, the optimal cutoff SILA was obtained from the receiver operating characteristic curve. The classification results were evaluated using several binary classification metrics. Of a total of 380 GGNs, the mean SILA for 65 (17.1%) indolent and 315 (82.9%) invasive lesions were 0.195±0.124 and 0.391±0.208 (p

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A665196244