Functional Reach and Gait Speed Improvement in A Matter of Balance Participants.

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Date: Jan-Feb 2022
From: Journal of Trauma Nursing(Vol. 29, Issue 1)
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 261 words

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Abstract :

Byline: Jessica Hood, Department of Trauma Services, WellSpan Health-York Hospital, York, Pennsylvania.; Mark L. Sharrah Abstract BACKGROUND: Falls among older adults are the most common cause of hospital admissions. A Matter of Balance may reduce these falls by improving balance, flexibility, gait speed, and agility. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to measure functional reach and gait speed among adults older than 65 years following A Matter of Balance. It was hypothesized that functional reach scores would increase and gait speed scores would decrease. METHODS: This was an interventional study with the primary outcomes of functional reach (measured by the Functional Reach test) and gait speed (measured by the Timed Up and Go test). A one-tailed paired t test was used to compare pre- and postprogram functional reach mean differences. A one-tailed Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for comparing median differences of pre- and postprogram gait speed. Characteristics of participants who improved scores were compared with those who did not improve, using two-tailed independent-samples t tests and two-tailed Pearson's Îç2. Effect sizes were computed for tests significant beyond p RESULTS: Mean functional reach increased by 0.6 inches (SD = 2.21, p = .002; d = 0.2). Median gait speed decreased by 1.25 s (interquartile range = 2.39, p CONCLUSIONS: Following A Matter of Balance, functional reach and gait speed improved. Adults older than 65 years should be encouraged to participate in the program, as it may reduce their fall risk.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A689160054