Estrogen receptor alpha regulates the expression of adipogenic genes genetically and epigenetically in rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

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Date: Sept. 10, 2021
From: PeerJ(Vol. 9)
Publisher: PeerJ. Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 7,641 words
Lexile Measure: 1290L

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Abstract :

Regulation of the efficacy of epigenetic modifiers is regarded as an important control mechanism in the determination and differentiation of stem cell fate. Studies are showing that the effect of estrogen is important in the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes. Activation of certain transcription factors and epigenetic modifications in related genes play an active role in the initiation and completion of adipogenic differentiation. Understanding the role of estrogen in diseases such as obesity, which increases with the onset of menopause, will pave the way for more effective use of estrogen as a therapeutic option. Demonstration of the differentiation tendencies of MSCs change in the presence/absence of estrogen, especially the evaluation of reversible epigenetic changes, will provide valuable information for clinical applications. In this study, the effect of estrogen on the expression of genes involved in adipogenic differentiation of MSCs and accompanying epigenetic modifications was investigated. Our results showed that estrogen affects the expression of adipogenesis-related transcription factors such as PPARy, C/EBP[alpha] and Adipsin. In addition, after estrogen treatment, increased accumulation of estrogen receptor alpha (ER[alpha]) and repressive epigenetic markers such as H3K27me2 and H3K27me3 were observed on the promoter of given transcription factors. By using co-immunoprecipitation experiments we were also able to show that ER[alpha] physically interacts with the zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) H3K27 methyltransferase in MSCs. We propose that the increase of H3K27me2 and H3K27me3 markers on adipogenic genes upon estrogen treatment may be mediated by the direct interaction of ER[alpha] and EZH2. Taken together, these findings suggest that estrogen has a role as an epigenetic switcher in the regulation of H3K27 methylation leading to suppression of adipogenic differentiation of MSC.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A674929211