Renal damage in rats induced by myocardial ischemia/reperfusion: Role of nitric oxide

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From: International Journal of Urology(Vol. 13, Issue 10)
Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.
Document Type: Author abstract
Length: 359 words
Lexile Measure: 60L

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Byline: HAKAN PARLAKPINAR (1), MEHMET KAYA OZER (2), EKRERM CICEK (2), YILMAZ CIGREMIS (3), NIGAR VARDI (4), AHMET ACET (1) Keywords: aminoguanidine; myocardial ischemia/reperfusion; nitric oxide (NO); renal injury; rat Abstract: Background: It has been demonstrated that myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) causes renal damage. However, the mechanism underlying this damage in kidneys during revascularization of myocardium is unclear. Direct renal ischemia/reperfusion has been implicated in the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) that leads to increase production of nitric oxide (NO). Recently, excessive production of NO has been found to be involved in causing renal injury by formatting peroxinitrite (ONOO.sup.-). The aim of this study was to investigate whether NO has a role in this damage, using aminoguanidine (AMG), a known iNOS inhibitor and an antioxidant, in rats undergoing MI/R. Methods: Male Wistar rats were used for the experiments (n = 7 each group). In the MI/R group, the left coronary artery was occluded for 30 min and then reperfused for 120 min; the same procedure was used for the AMG group, with the additional step of AMG (200 mg/kg) administered 10 min prior to ischemia. A control group underwent sham operation. At the end of the reperfusion period, all rats were killed and their kidneys removed for biochemical determination and histopathological analysis. Results: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion in the rat kidney was accompanied by a significant increase in malondialdehyde and NO production, and a decrease in glutathione content. Administration of AMG reduced malondialdehyde and NO production and prevented depletion of glutathione content. These beneficial changes in the biochemical parameters were also associated with parallel changes in histopathological appearance. Conclusion: These findings suggest that MI/R plays a causal role in kidney injury and AMG exerts renal-protective effects, probably by inhibiting NO production and antioxidant activities. Author Affiliation: Departments of(1)Pharmacology and (4)Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, (2)Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, and (3)Department of Biology, Faculty of Art and Science, Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey Article History: Received 27 October 2005; accepted 15 March 2006. Article note: Mehmet Kaya Ozer ph d, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, 32260, Isparta, Turkey. Email:

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A158596679