An integrated approach to modeling resource utilization for rural communities in developing countries

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Authors: Joel Hartter and Kevin Boston
Date: Oct. 2007
From: Journal of Environmental Management(Vol. 85, Issue 1)
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Author abstract
Length: 264 words

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Abstract :

To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: Byline: Joel Hartter (a), Kevin Boston (b) Keywords: Community resource use plan; Fuelwood; Caloric requirement; Integrated planning; Forest resource Abstract: Resource consumption in developing countries has been the focus of a considerable amount of research. What has been understudied however, has been the feedback affects of resource consumption on resource availability to both households and communities. Heavy reliance on natural resources and intensive smallholder agriculture common to many rural communities in developing countries has forced people to fulfill short-term needs to the detriment of long-term ecological and livelihood sustainability. This paper introduces a conceptual framework to examine how individuals and households fulfill daily caloric needs and the aggregate effects on resource availability and consumption. Data were collected from a large number of published case studies of rural land-use dynamics, growth and yield models, and human livelihoods were reviewed from scientific journals, reports published by NGOs, and government reports. Using inputs defined by the user, the model tracks annual fuelwood and agricultural land use based on meeting individual energy demands. A case-study-based analysis was patterned after smallholder agriculturalists at the family and community level. Three scenarios are presented in this paper using data from Uganda to illustrate the application of this model. Author Affiliation: (a) Department of Geography and Land Use and Environmental Change Institute, University of Florida, 3141 Turlington Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA (b) Oregon State University, Forest Engineering Department, 215 Peavy Hall, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA Article History: Received 31 March 2005; Revised 9 May 2006; Accepted 11 August 2006

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A166917542