Factors associated with age of diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder among children in Saudi Arabia: new insights from a cross-sectional study.

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From: BMC Research Notes(Vol. 15, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 2,872 words
Lexile Measure: 1400L

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Abstract :

Objectives Research examining the age of diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its influencing factors mostly originate from developed Western countries, providing little to no systematic information about the understanding and management of ASD in the rest of the world. The present exploratory study examined the influence of child and family characteristics on the age of ASD diagnosis in Saudi Arabia. Results The median age at diagnosis was 3.0 years and was associated with some child and family characteristics. A 1 year increase in child's age was associated with a 0.1 year increase in age of diagnosis (95% CI 0.05, 0.12). Children who did not respond to their name were diagnosed 0.3 years earlier than other children (95% CI - 0.60, - 0.05), and engaging in challenging behavior was associated with a 0.5 year increase in age of diagnosis (95% CI 0.20, 0.81). A lack of comorbidity was associated with a 0.6 year increase in the age of diagnosis compared to the diagnosis age of children with comorbidity (95% CI 0.13, 1.01). Finally, those residing outside of Saudi Arabia were diagnosed with ASD 0.9 years earlier than those residing in Saudi Arabia (95% CI - 0.171, - 0.11). Keywords: Autism, Age of diagnosis, Services, Saudi Arabia

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A703224706