The dynamic association between Frailty, CD4 and CD4/CD8 ratio in people aging with HIV

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 14, Issue 2)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,117 words
Lexile Measure: 1490L

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Abstract :

Objective To investigate the association between current CD4+ T-cell count and CD4/CD8+ ratio with severity of frailty among people aging with HIV. Methods Cross-sectional observational study analysing data from all study visits in the ongoing prospective Modena HIV Metabolic Clinic Cohort between 2006 and 2015. Frailty severity was assessed using a frailty index (FI). We visualized the relationships between frailty index score and current CD4 cell count and CD4/CD8 ratio on two different curves adjusted for age, sex, and duration of HIV infection. Results Frailty index scores exhibited an inverse relationship with current CD4 count, up to 900 cells/[mu]L. The CD4/CD8 ratio was inversely correlated with frailty index both below and above the cut-off of 900 CD4 cells/[mu]L. Conclusions Frailty in PLWH is inversely associated with both immune-activation, depicted by CD4/CD8 ratio and immune-deficit depicted by CD4 count. The first association shows a linear shape while the second shows a hook-shape with a turning point at 900 cells. Above this cut off level CD4 do not represent a significant risk factor for frailty.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A574131977