Significant progress has been made on sorghum transformation in the last decades; however, the transformation process has been constrained by the availability of immature embryos because most of the researchers have utilized immature embryos as favorable explants. Although immature embryos have been proven to be optimal for tissue culture and transformation, isolation of immature embryos is time-consuming, labor-intensive, and limited by warm weather. In this study, we developed an efficient genetic transformation system using mature seeds as explants. The nptII and gus gene, used as the selective marker and report gene respectively, have been co-transformed by particle bombardment. After optimization of tissue culture, the G418 concentration, and transgenic, the average transformation frequency at 13.33% was achieved routinely. The transgenic events and transgene copy numbers were determined by PCR and RT-PCR, respectively. The geneticin selection and GUS staining on T.sub.1 seedlings confirmed that the transgenic plants were heritable. Our results demonstrated that the efficient sorghum transformation system has been established using mature seeds as explants. This transformation system will promote sorghum research on genetic engineering and genome editing without seasonal weather conditions restriction and explant resources restriction.