The friagem event in the central Amazon and its influence on micrometeorological variables and atmospheric chemistry.

Citation metadata

From: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics(Vol. 21, Issue 1)
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 357 words

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

In the period between 9 and 11 July 2014, a friagem event reached the Amazon region. On 11 July, the southwest flow related to the friagem converged with the easterly winds in the central Amazon. The interaction between these two distinct air masses formed a convection band, which intensified over the Manaus region and the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO) site. The satellite images show the evolution of convective activity on 11 July, which led to 21 mm of precipitation at the ATTO site. Moreover, the arrival of the friagem caused a sudden drop in temperature and a predominance of southerly winds, which could be seen in Porto Velho between 7 and 8 July and in Manaus and the ATTO site from 9 to 11 July. The results of ERA-Interim reanalysis and Brazilian developments on the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (BRAMS) simulations show that this friagem event coming from the southwest, carries a mass of air with higher O.sub.3 and NO.sub.2 mixing ratios and lower CO mixing ratio compared to the air masses present in the central Amazon. At Lake Balbina, the friagem intensifies the local circulations, such as the breeze phenomena. In the Manaus region and at the ATTO site, the main effects of the friagem event are a decrease in the incoming solar radiation (due to intense cloud formation), a large temperature drop and a distinct change in surface O.sub.3 and CO.sub.2 mixing ratios. As the cold air of the friagem was just in the lower 500 m the most probable cause of this change is that a cold pool above the forest prevented vertical mixing causing accumulation of CO.sub.2 from respiration and very low O.sub.3 mixing ratio due to photochemistry reduction and limited mixing within the boundary layer.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A648383249