Milk-derived fatty acids are associated with a more favorable LDL particle size distribution in healthy men

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From: The Journal of Nutrition(Vol. 134, Issue 7)
Publisher: American Institute of Nutrition
Document Type: Author abstract
Length: 280 words

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Abstract :

A predominance of small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles is a well-established component of the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype associated with insulin resistance and increased risk for coronary heart disease. However, the influence of diet on LDL particle size distribution is not clear. We investigated (cross-sectionally) the relations between LDL profile and dietary fatty acids (FAs) in 291 healthy men (62-64 y old) with a range of insulin sensitivities. Individuals completed a 7-d dietary record, and fasting plasma insulin, lipid, and lipoprotein concentrations as well as serum and adipose tissue FA composition were determined. The LDL profile was examined by polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis, protein-staining, and quantitative scanning, giving LDL peak particle size and the percentage distribution of LDL in 4 subfractions. The men were divided into tertiles of percentage distribution of sdLDL. Small dense LDL was positively related to plasma triacylglycerol and fasting insulin concentrations (both P KEY WORDS: * small dense LDL * diet * milk fatty acids * fatty acid composition * healthy men

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A119613671