Development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification-lateral flow dipstick as a rapid screening test for detecting Listeria monocytogenes in frozen food products using a specific region on the ferrous iron transport protein B gene.

Citation metadata

From: Veterinary World(Vol. 15, Issue 3)
Publisher: Veterinary World
Document Type: Article
Length: 7,355 words
Lexile Measure: 1540L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Background and Aim: Listeria monocytogenes is a critical foodborne pathogen that infects pregnant females and their newborns and older adults and individuals with comorbidities. It contaminates fresh vegetables, fruits, ready-to- eat foods, and frozen food products consumed by individuals. The culture conventional detection methods for L. monocytogenes are time-consuming, taking 4 days. This study aimed to describe the development and comparison of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)--lateral flow dipstick (LFD), LAMP assay to PCR, and conventional culture for detecting L. monocytogenes in frozen food products. Materials and Methods: Five LAMP primer sets, including F3, B3, forward inner primer, and backward inner primer, were designed from a specific region on ferrous iron transport protein B gene (feoB gene) to amplify LAMP products. The DNA probe was created, and the detection limit was determined in pure culture and purified DNA, as well as the detection in 20 frozen food product samples. Results: The LMfeoB4 LAMP primer sets and DNA probe were LAMP products amplified at 60[degrees]C for 50 min. The specificity of the assay revealed no cross-reactivity with other pathogenic bacteria. The limit of detection (LOD) of the LAMP-LFD and LAMP assays using purified genomic DNA was 219 fg/[micro]L both in LAMP and LAMP-LFD assays. The LOD of LAMP and LAMP-LFD assays in pure culture was 4.3 ? 102 colony-forming unit (CFU)/mL and 43 CFU/mL, respectively. The LOD of the LAMP-LFD assay using artificially inoculated chicken in frozen food samples with pre-enrichment was 3.2 * [10.sup.2] CFU/mL. The LAMP-LFD was also more sensitive than the LAMP assay and polymerase chain reaction. Finally, LAMPLFD revealed no false positives in any of the 20 frozen food product samples. Conclusion: LAMP-LFD assay using a specific region on the feoB gene to detect L. monocytogenes was highly specific, sensitive, faster, and convenient, making it a valuable tool for the monitoring and rapid screening of L. monocytogenes in frozen food products. This technique is applicable to the development of detection technologies for other pathogens in food products. Keywords: ferrous iron transport protein B gene, frozen food product. Listeria monocytogenes, loop-mediated isothermal amplification, loop-mediated isothermal amplification-lateral flow dipstick.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A698269423