An embryonic cell line from the American cockroach Periplaneta americana L. (Blattaria: Blattidae) exhibits susceptibility to AcMNPV.

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Date: Apr. 2022
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 319 words

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Keywords: Periplaneta americana L.; Insect cell lines; Baculovirus expression vector system; Recombinant proteins Abstract Although the baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) is widely used in the production of recombinant proteins, only a few lepidopteran insect cell lines have been successfully used so far. This study aimed at evaluating the characteristics of an embryonic cell line from the American cockroach Periplaneta americana L., RIRI-PA1, and determining whether it could be used in recombinant protein expression. Wild type Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV-wt) and green fluorescent protein (GFP)--replicating recombinant baculoviruses (AcMNPV-GFP) were used to infect RIRI-PA1 respectively, demonstrating that RIRI-PA1 cells could be infected by AcMNPV and express recombinant proteins. Within 24 h of infection with AcMNPV-GFP, the GFP expression was higher than that in Sf21 cells. Furthermore, the infection of RIRI-PA1 cells increased gradually (multiplicity of infection, 10) within 24 h, while in Sf21 cells, the infection only began to increase within 48 h. However, after exposure for 96--168 h, the virus progeny and recombinant protein production of RIRI-PA1 cells was lower than those of Sf21 cells. Western blotting revealed that RIRI-PA1 cells could express recombinant GFP, and the protein expression level positively correlated with the multiplicity of infection. In conclusion, this is the first report that a cell line from P. americana has shown susceptibility to infection from a baculovirus and likewise express recombinant protein. Although the yield of recombinant GFP was not as high as that of Sf21 cells, the results nonetheless showed that RIRI-PA1 had an infection rate advantage in the short term (within 24 h of infection), which is of great value for further development and utilization. Author Affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Breeding and Utilization of Resource Insects of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Institute of Highland Forest Science, Chinese Academy of Forestry, 650224, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China (b) Article History: Registration Date: 10/14/2021 Received Date: 03/25/2021 Accepted Date: 10/13/2021 Online Date: 04/22/2022 Byline:

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A702795687