This article represents a study at Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania where secondary and elementary education pre-service teachers were surveyed to determine their usage of various technologies during student teaching. Described are the results and analysis relative to what technologies are enhancing the learning of students in academic environments.
Educators at all levels need to recognize the impact of technology and how it has reinvented knowledge. According to Willis and Raines (2008):Clearly, we are finding that technology in pre-service teacher education, as well as in society at large, is a powerful vehicle for change. It has become a catalyst for challenging our attitudes, long-held beliefs about the way things have always been done, classroom practices, and the way students learn. Our future teachers will be in classrooms full of the "N-Gen" (Internet Generation) who have grown up in a digital world, (p. 5)
Integration is using technology that is infused within method courses in the colleges of education (Honawar, 2008; Lipscomb & Doppen, (2005). Integrating instructional technology possesses potential for helping teachers and students. Churma (1999, p. 10) relates that "teachers can integrate technology into the management of their classroom for electronic grade books, electronic communications, word processing and other such tasks." Swain (2008) emphatically states that we are now in an era where pre-service teachers "must move beyond this point to more advanced stages that will lead to changes in daily teacher practice." The author specifically points out that we must have preservice teachers be the "producers of education" versus the "consumers of education" (p. 6). Further, it must be related that while various technologies and media are simply tools to enhance and facilitate instruction delivery (Lever-Dufry & McDonald, 2008, p. 61), it must be infused purposefully for students "to absorb and retain what they have learned" (Honawar, 2008, p. 28). The integration of technology into teacher education programs shall be based on evidence of what technologies are enhancing the learning of students in academic environments.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study was to determine technology integration during 15 weeks (Spring 2008) for 143 student teachers during their clinical experiences in inclusionary settings. The Technology Integration During Student Teaching Study provided insights and information relative to Bloomsburg University's preservice education program and indicated how various aspects of instructional technology occurred when student teachers were doing their clinical experiences. Grades K through 12, in inclusionary classrooms. "The idea is not only to teach them how to use the hardware and software, but...