1) Science advice. What will be the role and status of a science adviser in your administration? In particular, do you expect your science adviser to be a senior White House official, as in the Eisenhower-Kennedy era, or a mid-level appointee in the Executive Office, as in the Carter and Reagan administrations? Do you intend to appoint a science adviser early enough to participate in the selection of key officials in the science agencies?
There is virtually no aspect of government that does not involve science and technology, and I plan to avail myself of the best advice on such matters. I will give serious consideration to implementing the Republican platform recommendation, which states "We will strengthen the role of science and engineering in national policy by reinforcing the Office of the President's Science Adviser."
2) International competitiveness. What measures will your administration take to encourage critical technologies that are likely to play a leading role in industrial competitiveness? Would you favor increased government funding for applied research and development?
Our nation is now in the midst of the longest peacetime expansion on record. There are many achievements for which we can be very proud. But there are many challenges ahead of us as well.
One of our most important challenges is for America to remain competitive as we move into the 1990s and prepare for the 21st century. To do this, we must do much more than simply talk about it.
To some people, competitiveness means massive spending programs and government interference in the private sector. It means protectionism and pointing the finger at our trading partners without trying to improve quality and productivity at home.
To me, that is not competitiveness. Instead, that is weakness and defeatism.
Competitiveness means a government that creates a climate for entrepreneurship and risk-taking. It means a government that gives you room to grow. That would be the policy of a Bush administration.
Being competitive means striving for excellence in education at all levels. We must provide merit pay and special recognition to reward good teachers. We must provide more assistance to the disadvantaged, more choice to parents and students within the public school system. In higher education, I favor the creation of College Savings Bonds to help parents meet the cost of a college education.
Technology is America's economic fountain of youth. It is what keeps us prosperous and vital. To stimulate our technological progress, we must adopt a program emphasizing innovation:
* We must commit to increasing our national investment in research and development. Both government and business must devote more resources to research and development.
* The federal government should increase its research and development investment; we should make the research and development tax credit permanent.
* To encourage innovation, we must strengthen intellectual property protection both at home and abroad.
* We must constantly oppose regulation that stifles competition, striving instead for innovative products and services. An illustrative example is the new biotechnology industry, which offers much promise in improved health...