Oxygen consumption rates in deep-sea hydrothermal vent scale worms: Effect of life-style, oxygen concentration, and temperature sensitivity.

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Date: June 2021
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 335 words

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Abstract :

Keywords Comparative physiology; Hypoxia; Invertebrate Highlights * Deep-sea hydrothermal vent scale worm are oxyregulators while shallow-water species are oxyconformers. * Oxygen consumption rates are similar regardless of life-style and habitat of origin. * Sensitivity to temperature variation is more pronounced in hydrothermal vents species than shallow-water ones. Abstract Deep-sea hydrothermal vents are a challenging environment inhabited by very specialized species. To reap the benefits of the local primary production, species need to cope with a number of constraints among which low oxygen is probably the most basic. This hypoxia is further complicated by the highly variable temperature these species experience. We studied the response of deep-sea hydrothermal species of scale worms (Annelida, Polynoidae) to varying levels of oxygen and showed that they were capable of compensating a decrease of environmental oxygen concentration (= oxyregulators), down to values of about 30 [mu]mol l.sup.-1. This contrasts with shallow-water temperate species, for which oxygen consumption is directly proportional to its concentration (= oxyconformers). We measured oxygen consumption rates in 11 species from hydrothermal vents, as well as 2 species from the general deep-sea, and compared them to three shallow-water species. Life-style (free-living vs. commensal) and habitat of origin (shallow-water, deep-sea, and hydrothermal vent) did not affect oxygen consumption rates. In agreement with thermodynamic expectations, as temperature increases, oxygen consumption increases as well for all species. The sensitivity of oxygen consumption to temperature variation in the shallow-water species is however smaller than that from the deep-sea hydrothermal vent species. This unexpected result could correspond to a pronounced increase of activity (avoidance behaviour) in the vent species, which was not observed for the shallow-water species. Author Affiliation: (a) UMR 7144, Adaptation et Diversité en Milieu Marin, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place G. Teissier, 29680, Roscoff, France (b) UMR 8222, Laboratoire d'Ecogéochimie des Environnements Benthiques, Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls, Avenue Pierre Fabre, 66650, Banyuls-sur-Mer, France * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 4 September 2020; Revised 17 March 2021; Accepted 28 March 2021 Byline: Victor Le Layec (a,b), Stéphane Hourdez [hourdez@obs-banyuls.fr] (b,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A663043945