Background. Esophageal cancer (EC), a common malignant tumor of digestive tract, is also one of the most deadly cancers. Accumulating studies have shown that the initiating and progressing multiple human diseases were closely related to the expression of MAIP. However, the specific roles and mechanisms of MAIP1 in EC remain incompletely defined. Purpose. This study aims to determine the clinical significance of MAIP1 in EC and explores its potential molecular mechanisms regulating tumor immune infiltration. Methods. We obtained RNA-seq datasets and corresponding clinical data for EC patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database via the UCSC Xena browser to extract MAIP1 expression and plot survival curves to determine their prognosis. Based on the differential expression of MAIP1, EC patients were divided into high and low group to investigate the mechanism of MAIP1 in EC. In addition, the single sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) quantified the expression of various immune cell signature marker genes and assessed the degree of immune infiltration in EC. Results. In the TCGA-EC cohort, the overexpression of MAIP1 was observed in tumor tissues compared to normal tissues (p=0.0038). Overall survival analysis showed that EC patients with the overexpression of MAIP1 presented a lower overall survival and worse prognosis (p=0.004). Enrichment analysis revealed that the differential genes (DEGs) between high and low group are involved in biological functions such as extracellular matrix and organization extracellular structure. The results of ssGSEA showed that DCs, iDCs, macrophages, mast cells, and NK cells were significantly different in MAIP1[sup.high] and MAIP1[sup.low] groups, and all showed high expression in the MAIP1[sup.low] group. Conclusion. We proposed that MAIP1 overexpression was associated with poor prognosis and tumor immune infiltration in EC. At present, there are few MAIP1-related tumor immune infiltration studies in EC, and further investigation is needed.