Physiological changes and transcript identification in Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. in early stages of salt stress.

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Date: Aug. 9, 2021
From: PeerJ(Vol. 9)
Publisher: PeerJ. Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 7,998 words
Lexile Measure: 1520L

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Abstract :

Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. (C. tinctoria) is a special tea ingredient that adapts to certain salt stresses and shares the functions of chrysanthemum. With annual expansion of the cultivation area of C. tinctoria in Xinjiang (China), soil salinity may become a constraint for chrysanthemum cultivation. To investigate the response of C. tinctoria to salt stress, physiological and transcriptional changes in C. tinctoria in the early stages of low (50 mM NaCl) and high (200 mM NaCl) salt stress were analyzed and identified. The results showed that the contents of osmotic regulators (free proline, soluble sugar, and soluble protein) and antioxidant enzymes (catalase and peroxidase) under salt stress increased to various extents compared with those of the control (CK) within 72 h, and the increase was higher under 200 mM NaCl treatments. De novo RNA-seq was used to analyze changes in the transcripts under 50 and 200 mM NaCl treatments for up to 48 h. In total, 8,584, 3,760, 7,833, 19,341, 13,233, and 9,224 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected under 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h for 50 and 200 mM NaCl treatments, respectively. Weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) was used to analyze the correlations between all DEGs and physiological indexes. We found that the coexpression modules blue2 and Lightskyblue4 highly correlated with osmotic regulators and CAT and identified 20 and 30 hub genes, respectively. The results provide useful data for the further study of salt tolerance in C. tinctoria.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A671232186